Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes & remedy

Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes & remedy

Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes & remedy

The global patients of diabetes have been increased to around 422 million (42.2 crores) from 108 million (10.8 crores) patients in 1980, approx. rise of ~400%. The high prevalence of diabetes drastically increased among the people of the middle class and lower class. The mortality rate of premature death due to diabetes is also increased by 5% since 2000. In the year 2019, diabetes become a direct cause of death of 1.5 million (15 lakhs) people. If we see in India, according to the survey driven by the government has shown the data that around 73 million (7.3 crores) adults’ people in India are spending their lives with diabetes, every sixth person with diabetes in the world is Indian. India solely lost more than 6.4 lakhs people because of diabetes.


What is diabetes?

When the pancreatic gland in our body stops producing insulin, insulin regulates the level of glucose in the blood. When the pancreas does not produce insulin that increases the glucose level in the blood. An increasing level of glucose causes diabetes. Diabetes severely affects the nerves and the blood vessels of the body. Diabetes impacts our health badly. Our living styles also vary in the occurrence of diabetes. There are different types of diabetes based on the severeness of their type.


A few major types of Diabetes are:

  1. Type-1 Diabetes: 10% of total diabetes cases are of type-1 diabetes. This type of diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which our body destroys the cells of the pancreas that produces insulin to regulate glucose in the blood.

  2. Type-2 Diabetes: This is the most common type of diabetes, more than 90% of people with diabetes are type-2 diabetes patients. Type-2 diabetes occurs when our body does not produce enough insulin or our body cells do not respond to insulin properly. Type-2 diabetes mostly affects people with middle age and older age.

  3. Pre-diabetes: The initial stage of type-2 diabetes is considered pre-diabetes.

  4. Gestational diabetes: This diabetes mostly occurs to the woman with pregnancy and generally goes after it. This type of diabetes increases the chances of type-2 diabetes in near future. 


What are the symptoms of diabetes?

There are a few common symptoms and signs of diabetes that people with diabetes suffer-

  • People with diabetes urine (pee) a lot

  • A diabetic person feels very thirsty 

  • Diabetes loses and increases the weight of a person

  • Feels extra hunger

  • Blurred vision 

  • A sensation of tingling in the arms, hand, and legs

  • Unusual exhaustion

  • Dry skin 

  • Sores and wounds take a longer time to heal than normal

  • Infection occurs fast than usual 

  • A type-1 diabetic person may feel: nausea, stomach or abdominal pain, and puking


What are the causes of diabetes?

There are a few causes of diabetes mentioned below:

  • Family history and genetic causes

  • Environment factors 

  • Autoimmune disorder

  • Overweight or obesity 

  • Physical inactivity

  • Increasing age

  • Gestational diabetes

  • High or abnormal blood cholesterol 

  • Hypertension or high blood pressure (High BP)

  • Unhealthy eating


What are the complications of diabetes?

Underestimation of diabetes leads the diabetic patient gradually to severe life-threatening diseases; these severe diseases include-

  • Cardiovascular diseases like heart blockage, heart attack, and others.

  • Nerve damage 

  • Erectile dysfunction

  • Kidney damage

  • Eye related issues

  • Skin infection

  • Hearing issues

  • Alzheimer’s disease (memory loss) 

  • Depression 


What are the preventions for diabetes?

There are a few dos and don’ts for diabetes mentioned below:

  • Eat healthy fiber-rich food 

  • Increase your physical activity

  • Eat something every 2 hours

  • Lose your weight if you are obese or overweight (Ignore if you are pregnant)

  • Avoid eating saturated fat and sugar 

  • Quit smoking and consumption of tobacco products

  • Avoid drinking alcohol

  • Do not skip eating food

  • Ignore eating white bread, rice, and pasta.

  • Don’t get dehydrated, drink an ample amount of water


What are the home remedies for diabetes?

Follow the home remedies stated below to regulate diabetes and glucose levels in your blood:

First home remedy for diabetes:

Ingredients: One glass of water and one spoon of fenugreek seed

Steps: Mix one tablespoon of fenugreek seed with one glass of water, leave it for a night to soak in properly.

Instructions: Drink this mixture regularly on an empty stomach once a day.


Second-home remedy for diabetes:

Ingredients: A glass of warm milk and half a spoon of turmeric powder

Steps: Mix turmeric in the milk properly

Instructions: drink this mixture either in the morning or evening regularly once a day.


Third home remedy for diabetes:

Ingredients: Lemon juice and chia seed

Steps: take one glass of warm lemon juice mix it with chia seed properly.

Instructions: Drink this mixture regularly in the morning within an hour after you wake up.


Fourth home remedy for diabetes:

Ingredients: Warm water, amla powder, and a pinch of turmeric powder

Steps: Take one glass of warm water add one tablespoon of amla powder and a pinch of turmeric powder into it, mix it properly.

Instructions: Drink this mixture regularly once a day, this helps in the functioning of the pancreas.


Fifth home remedy for diabetes:

Ingredients: Cinnamon powder and water

Steps: take one glass of warm water, mix half spoon of cinnamon powder into it. (You can either boil 2 glasses of water with raw cinnamon for 30 minutes and then cool it)

Instructions: Drink this mixture daily one time a day. 


Sixth home remedy for diabetes:

Ingredients: Aloe vera and buttermilk

Steps: takeout the gel of aloe vera and mix it with the buttermilk properly

Instructions: drink this mixture of aloe vera regularly once a day, it helps to reduce inflammatory reactions in our body.


Top 6 best food for diabetes:

  • Berries (blackberries, strawberries, blueberries, etc.

  • Citrus fruit like oranges, lemon, pummelo, etc.

  • Eat leafy vegetables such as spinach, fenugreek leaves, and drumstick leaves

  • Consume beans

  • Eat bitter melon or drink its juice, bitter melon contains good antioxidant properties, it purifies the blood and its flow.

  • Convert the consumption of refined grains into whole grains like brown rice, ragi, rye, etc. 



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