Eczema: Causes, Tips & Home Remedies

Eczema: Causes, Tips & Home Remedies

Eczema also known as dermatitis, it’s a skin problem that creates irritation, itchiness, and redness on the skin. Eczema or dermatitis is one of the most common skin disorders, according to an estimation around 20% of the total world population of children and 3% of the total adult population in the world have some sort of eczema or dermatitis. Even India solely registers more than 10 million (1 crore) cases of eczema per year. Eczema is an irritating skin problem that mostly affects children and people at a young age. Cases of eczema downfalls as a person get older. Eczema makes the skin itchy and red; eczema do not spread from one man to another by touching, scratching or rubbing, it’s not a contagious disease. Eczema mostly affects the skin of hands, ankle, feet, chest, wrist, eyelids, bend of knees and elbows etc. 


What is eczema?

Eczema is a skin condition that makes skin itchy and red, eczema or dermatitis mostly occurs in the early age of a person. Eczema or dermatitis mostly affects those children who contain a genetic or family history of eczema. Eczema is a chronic disease that remains long with us and it flareups periodically. Eczema can occur due to many causes but a few of the major causes are an overreaction of the immune system to the rashes, genetic history of eczema, stress, and bad environmental conditions. Allopathy hasn’t discovered the treatment of eczema yet, however, Ayurveda comprises a few solutions for the treatment of eczema. Follow the tips and home remedies for eczema religiously to treat eczema at home. 


What are the different types of eczema?

 There are mainly 7 types of eczema that are stated below-

  1. Atopic Dermatitis: This is the most common type of eczema; this is a chronic eczema that can reoccur even after the years.


  1. Contact dermatitis: When the skin gets infected or irritated after coming in a contact with some certain things, that triggers the allergic reactions causes contact dermatitis.


  1. Dyshidrotic eczema: Small itchy blisters that mostly occurs on hands, palms, feet etc. Nickel is one of the triggered causes of dyshidrotic eczema. This eczema mostly affects the people between the age of 20 to 40.


  1. Neurodermatitis: Intense itching at one part of the body, around 12% of the total population are affected with this eczema. This has no treatment and it goes its own, consumption of triggered food aggravates it.


  1. Nummular eczema: Coin shaped oozing patches with intense itching are nummular eczema.


  1. Seborrheic dermatitis: One of the chronic forms of eczema that mostly occurs on scalp, nose, and upper back. This affects all the age group of people equally.


  1. Stasis dermatitis: Poor blood circulation in lower part of the body especially in legs causes stasis dermatitis. This is also known as gravitational dermatitis this mostly affects people with the age of 50 and over.



What are the symptoms of eczema?

These are a few symptoms of eczema stated below-

  • Itching (more severe at night)
  • Dryness on skin
  • Red to brown coloured patches
  • Skin flaking
  • Mostly affects the hands, legs, neck, knees and elbows
  • Increased rashes
  • Fissures
  • Small tiny bumps
  • Sort of swelling
  • Discolouration of affected skin 


What causes eczema?

There are a few major causes of eczema stated below-

  • Overactive immune system
  • Genetic or family history of eczema
  • Bad environmental conditions
  • Deficiency of Vitamin B6
  • Stressful life
  • Abnormal temperature including high temperature and low temperature
  • Hormonal changes
  • Few skin irritants including soap, shampoos and chemical skin products
  • Consumption of some certain food including dairy products, eggs, nuts and seeds 


What are the complications of eczema?

Complications that may occur due to eczema are mentioned below-

  • Asthma 
  • Hay fever or seasonal allergies
  • Chronic itchiness
  • Scaly and patchy skin
  • Skin infection
  • Sleeping issues


Prevention and tips for eczema

Follow the tips and prevention mentioned below for the better treatment of eczema-

  • Moisturize your skin daily
  • Do not scratch the affected skin
  • Cover eczema affected skin with a clean cloth
  • Avoid irritant soaps and shampoos
  • Change your chemical beauty products
  • Maintain stress
  • Don’t consume eggs and dairy products
  • Avoid eating nuts and seeds
  • Wear clean clothes (Wash it clean and clear all the detergent while washing it)
  • Cold compress
  • The application of coconut oil helps moisturise skin 
  • Morning sunlight is good for eczema
  • Avoid excessive sunlight


Home remedies for eczema

Follow the home remedies mentioned below to reduce the effect of eczema, home remedies for eczema are-

Home remedy for eczema

Ingredients: Neem leaves and turmeric powder 

Step 1: Take a few leaves of neem and crush them to make a fine paste.

Step 2: Take one tablespoon of turmeric powder and mix it properly to make a fine paste

Instructions:  Apply this paste directly to the affected area. This home remedy for eczema is one of the best home remedies for eczema.


Home remedy for eczema

Ingredients: Mustard oil and neem leaves

Step 1: Take around 200 ml of mustard and heat the oil in an iron vessel.

Step 2: Take around 50 grams of neem leaves and put them into boiling mustard oil.

Step 3: Stop when the leaves turn black, let the oil cool and then strain the oil in the bowl.

Instructions: This home remedy is very effective for chronic eczema. Apply this oil on the affected area 3 to 4 times a day. People with eczema would see the result in just a few days, use this neem oil for 9 to 12 months to break the periodic reoccurrence of eczema. This home remedy for eczema is one of the potent home remedies for eczema.


Home remedy for eczema

Ingredients: Aloe vera

Step 1: Take a leave of aloe vera and clear the peel of it.

Step 2: Extract the transparent gel of aloe vera from the bowl.

Step 3: Make a thick paste of it by stirring it using a spoon. 

Instructions: Take a few spoons of the aloe vera paste and gently apply it to the affected skin for 20 to 30 minutes. Follow this remedy two times a day. This home remedy for eczema is one of the tested home remedies for eczema.


Home remedy for eczema

Ingredients: Neem leaves, turmeric powder and honey

Step 1: Take a few leaves of neem and crush it using a traditional crusher to make a fine paste.

Step 2: Collect the crushed paste of neem leaves in a bowl, add one tablespoon of turmeric powder and one spoon of honey to it.

Step 3: Stir the ingredients well to get a fine paste.

Instructions: Apply this paste to the affected area and let it remain for 30 minutes. This home remedy for eczema is one of the most used home remedies for eczema.


Home remedy for eczema

Ingredients: Neem oil, Dry raw turmeric, Aloe vera gel 

Step 1: Take dry raw pieces of turmeric and blend them to make a powder.

Step 2: Take one tablespoon of organic turmeric powder and one tablespoon of aloe vera gel, mix both the ingredients with 2 tablespoons of neem oil. 

Step 3: Mix it well to make a fine paste.

Instructions: Apply this paste to the affected part of the skin, follow this home remedy two times a day. This home remedy for eczema is one of the best effective home remedies for eczema.


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