High Blood Pressure or Hypertension: Overview, Causes & Home Remedies
High Blood Pressure or hypertension is a very severe medical disease that increases the diseases related to heart, kidney, brain, and other diseases significantly. According to an estimation released by WHO, more than 128 crore people globally are living with high blood pressure or hypertension and the age of these people lies between 30 years to 79 years. Hypertension or High blood pressure is the main reason for the premature deaths of young people around the world. On another side, India solely registers more than 1 crore patients suffering from high blood pressure or hypertension. More than 46% of total high blood pressure patients in the world don’t even know that their body contains high blood pressure or hypertension.
What is high blood pressure or hypertension?
The heart pumps the blood to each part of the body with a certain fixed pressure. High blood pressure or hypertension (High BP) is the form in which the heart pumps the blood with more pressure than normal pressure. When the heart pumps blood with more pressure, blood works against the walls of arteries and generates high pressure in the arteries. High blood pressure or hypertension eventually leads us to brain stroke, heart attack, and other diseases.
The sphygmomanometer is an instrument that helps in the measurement of high blood pressure and low blood pressure. The normal blood pressure rate in the sphygmomanometer is- less than 120 mm Hg (millimetre of mercury) in systolic, and in diastolic, it should be less than 80 mm Hg (millimetre of mercury).
High blood pressure or hypertension rate in systolic is- 140 millimetres of mercury and more, and in diastolic rate 90 millimetres of mercury and more. The rate that is left between normal blood pressure to high blood pressure signifies the risk and it is called prehypertension.
What are the symptoms of High blood pressure or high BP?
High blood pressure or hypertension patient contains few symptoms that are mentioned below-
- Bleeding from nose
- Fatigue and exhaustion
- Problem in vision
- Uncertain heartbeats
- Bloody urine
- Breathing issue
- Cold sweating
- Sleeping problems
What are the complications of high blood pressure?
High blood pressure encourages various other diseases which are mentioned below-
- Heart attack
- Kidney damage
- Vessel damages
- Heart failure
- Arterial damage
- Heart blockage
What are the causes of high blood pressure?
The prime causes of high blood pressure or Hypertension are mentioned below-
- Consumption of alcohol and smoking
- Obesity or overweight
- Physical inactivity
- High consumption of salty products
- Stressful life
- Increasing age
- Family history or genetic
- Thyroid disorder
- Chronic disease of the kidney
- Heart blockage
- Unhealthy sleep
Dos and Don’ts for High blood pressure or High BP-
People living with high blood pressure should follow the instructions stated below to overcome the danger of high blood pressure or hypertension-
- Avoid consumption of excessive salt
- Ignore the fried and spicy food
- Maintain the appetite
- Regular exercise
- Quit smoking and regulate the consumption of alcohol
- Maintain a good and healthy weight
- Drink abundant quantity of water
- Try living a happy and healthy life
Home remedies for high blood pressure-
Follow these home remedies for high blood pressure to prevent yourself from other severe diseases-
First home remedy for high blood pressure-
Ingredients- 1 spoon coriander powder, 1 snap of cardamom, and 1 cup juice of peach.
Instruction- Mix all three ingredients properly and drink the concoction thrice a day.
Second-home remedy for high blood pressure-
Ingredients- Moong dal, a few leaves of coriander, cumin, and a snap of turmeric powder
Instruction- Mix all these ingredients and consume them regularly
Third home remedy for high blood pressure-
Ingredients- 1 spoon pure honey, 10 drops of apple vinegar, and a cup of hot water
Instruction- Mix all these ingredients properly and drink the concoction regularly twice a day. This helps in reducing high cholesterol and regulates vasodilation.
Fourth home remedy for high blood pressure-
Ingredients- Coconut water and orange juice
Instruction- Take an equal quantity of both the ingredients and drink a cup of this mixture daily three times a day.
Fifth home remedy for high blood pressure-
Ingredients- Cucumber, and ingredients of Raita
Instruction- Make the raita of cucumber and eat this regularly with your breakfast, lunch, and dinner.
Sixth home remedy for high blood pressure-
Ingredients- Watermelon, Cardamom powder, and Coriander powder.
Instruction- Cut a piece of watermelon and take a snap of cardamom powder and coriander powder, apply it properly on the surface of the piece of watermelon. Consume this regularly at any time.
Seventh remedy for high blood pressure-
Ingredients- Onion and honey
Instruction- Mix one spoon of onion juice with two spoons of honey properly, and take this mixture every day in the morning.
Eighth home remedy for high blood pressure-
Instruction- Use garlic in your regular eating food.
Ninth home remedy for high blood pressure-
Ingredients- Curry leaves and a glass of water
Instruction- Boil water along with curry leaves and after cooling it, drink this water regularly.
Tenth home remedy for high blood pressure-
Ingredients- Carrots and beetroot
Instruction- Start consuming carrots and beetroot in a salad.