Pigmentation: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Tips & Home Remedies

Pigmentation: Types, Causes, Symptoms, Tips & Home Remedies

Hyperpigmentation: An Overview & Remedies


Hyperpigmentation or dark spots on the skin is one of the common skin disorders. Hyperpigmentation is a commonly painless and itching free disorder. Hyperpigmentation occurs on the skin due to various reasons including hormonal changes and excessive production of melanin in the body. Hyperpigmentation or dark spots can occur on any area of the skin. However, this dark spots on the skin are painless but it badly affects the confidence and presence of the affected person. If the occurrence of hyperpigmentation or dark spots on the skin are visible or it occurring on the face then it badly reduces the beauty of the skin.



What is hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation is a skin disorder that creates dark spots on the skin. Hyperpigmentation appears on the skin with red, brown, black, grey, and pink coloured spots and patches. In hyperpigmentation few spots of the skin become darker than the usual skin. These dark-coloured spots on the skin don’t harm. Hyperpigmentation may spread across the body if not treated. Hyperpigmentation can occur due to multiple different causes. Based on its different causes and different treatments hyperpigmentation is divided into three types. 

Three types of hyperpigmentation are cited below:

  1. Melasma: Melasma occurs due to hormonal changes, melasma generally develops in women during the time of their pregnancy. Melasma hyperpigmentation mostly appears on the stomach and face, although melasma can occur on any part of the body. 


  1. Sunspots: High exposure to the sunlight creates multiple dark spots on the skin over time such spots are known as sunspots, age spots or liver spotsSunspot hyperpigmentation mostly occurs on the skin that directly contacts the sun like the hand and face.