Thyroid: Overview, Causes & Home Remedies

Thyroid: Overview, Causes & Home Remedies

Thyroid: Overview, Causes & Home Remedies

Thyroid disorder is one of the common diseases in the world, around every 10th person in the world, have a thyroid disorder. The developed countries like the USA have more than 20 million (2 crores) people living with thyroid disease. Thyroid disorder is prevalent among women. The probability of the occurrence of the thyroid is 8% to 10% higher in women than men. 1 out of 8 women have a thyroid disorder. Thyroid disease is one of the common diseases even in India, more than 42 million (4.2 crores) people in India have some sort of thyroid disorder. 1 in 10 adults in India has thyroid disease.


What is Thyroid and Thyroid disorder?

The thyroid is one of our glands in the body, that is found around the throat area and directly below Adam’s apple. The thyroid plays a major role in the production of metabolism and the growth of the human body. The thyroid releases the hormone “Triiodothyronine” (T3) and “Thyroxine” (T4), and these hormones go through the blood to the cells and the entire part of the body. The good functioning of the thyroid glands is very important for us because it regulates the metabolism of our bodies. (Metabolism converts eaten food and drinks into energy) Misfunctioning of thyroid glands disturbs the balance of our body. 

When the thyroid gland produces a large amount of hormones or less amount of hormones in the body, that creates severe problems in the body, and this misfunctioning of the thyroid gland is known as a thyroid disorder or thyroid disease. 


There are majorly two types of thyroid disorder-

  1. Hyperthyroidism: When our thyroid gland produces too many hormones in the body, this misfunction of the thyroid is called hyperthyroidism. Complications, causes, and cures for this thyroid disorder are mentioned below in another section.


  1. Hypothyroidism: When the thyroid gland releases fewer hormones in the blood, through which disbalance in the body occurs, this misfunction of the thyroid glands is known as hypothyroidism. Complication, causes, and cure of this thyroid disorder will be different than hyperthyroidism.


What are the causes of thyroid disorder?

The causes of thyroid disorder vary between its two types of disorders-


There are a few major causes of thyroid disorder for Hyperthyroidism mentioned below-

  • Autoimmune disorder
  • High consumption of Iodine 
  • Pituitary gland misfunction
  • Hereditary
  • Thyroid nodule or lump in the thyroid
  • Inflammation of thyroid gland


Causes of Hypothyroidism are mentioned below- 

  • Autoimmune disease 
  • Iodine deficiency in the body
  • Diabetes
  • Pituitary disorder
  • Surgery of thyroid
  • Genetic or family history of thyroid
  • Medications of certain diseases 
  • Pregnancy 


What are the complications of thyroid disorder?

Thyroid disorder creates many complications in the body, a few of them are mentioned below-


Complications of hyperthyroidism 

  • Heart problems (Rapid heart rate)
  • Brittle or fragile bones (Bone become hard but easy to break)
  • Eye problems (Double vision, light sensitivity, loss of vision)
  • Risk of stroke
  • Skin complications (Skin occurs red)
  • High fever
  • Unconsciousness


Complications of hypothyroidism

  • Goitre
  • High cholesterol
  • Heart problems including heart failure
  • Depression or anxiety
  • Infertility in women
  • Sleeping issues
  • Obesity or overweight
  • Hair fall
  • Joint pain
  • Multiple spots on the face or body


What are the symptoms of thyroid disorder?

Thyroid disorder comprises two categories in it and both types of thyroid disorder contain different symptoms:

Symptoms of hyperthyroidism:

  • Unwanted weight loss
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Increase in appetite 
  • Nervousness and anxiety
  • Tremoring hands and fingers
  • Severe sweating
  • Menstrual changes in women
  • Difficulty in sleeping or insomnia
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Heat intolerance
  • Excessive hunger
  • Hair loss 


Symptoms of hypothyroidism:

  • Fatigue and dizziness
  • Sensitivity to heat
  • Abdominal problems including constipation
  • Dryness in skin
  • Unwanted weight gain
  • Weak muscle
  • Thin hair
  • Goitre 
  • Depression
  • Slow heart rate


Home remedies for thyroid

Follow these home remedies for the thyroid to treat your thyroid at home-


Home remedies for Hyperthyroidism 

Follow these home remedies mentioned below if you have hyperthyroidism-


First home remedy for hyperthyroidism


Ingredients: Papaya, turmeric, lemon and ginger

Step 1: Take 1 bowl of raw peeled papaya chunks.

Step 2: Take 1 spoon of lemon sap with one-fourth tablespoon of turmeric 

Step 3: Take one inch of grated ginger, and mix all ingredients in half a cup of water. Blend these ingredients using the blender.

Instructions: Consume this mixture every day in the morning.


Second-home remedy for hyperthyroidism


Ingredients: Amla (Indian gooseberry), Triphala powder, and honey

Step 1: Make a good paste of Amla and take half a spoon of amla paste.

Step 2: Mix half a spoon of Triphala powder and 2 spoons of honey with the amla paste.

Instructions: Consume this mixture regularly every day in the morning before breakfast.


Third home remedy for hyperthyroidism


Ingredients: Ice pack

Instructions: Keep an ice pack for some while on your throat for throat inflammation.


Home remedies for hypothyroidism

Follow these home remedies if you have hypothyroidism-


First home remedy for hypothyroidism

Ingredients: Bottle gourd

Step 1: Clear the hard peel of bottle gourd and extract the seed from it,

Step 2: Blend the bottle gourd and strain the juice in the glass.

Instructions: Drink the juice of the bottle gourd regularly in the morning.


Second-home remedy for hypothyroidism

Ingredients: Coconut water

Instructions: Drink this coconut water regularly two times a day.


Third home remedy for hypothyroidism

Ingredients: Ginger and black pepper

Instructions: Drink the ginger juice or the tea of ginger and black pepper regularly multiple times a day.


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