Tuberculosis (TB): Causes, Prevention & Home Remedies

Tuberculosis (TB): Causes, Prevention & Home Remedies

Tuberculosis (TB): Causes, Prevention & Remedies


Tuberculosis particularly known as TB; TB is the 12th leading death-causing disease in the world. In 2020 tuberculosis took a life of more than 1.5 million (15 lakhs) people globally. TB or tuberculosis is the second-largest infection causing disease after the covid-19 disease. TB has taken a life of millions of people around the world. TB or tuberculosis has taken more lives than other severe diseases like HIV and AIDS. Tuberculosis or TB infected more than 10 million (1 crore) people globally in 2020 affecting people of all age groups including children, women, and men. India registers the highest number of cases of tuberculosis than any other country in the world. According to an estimation from 2000 to till yet more than 66 million (6.6 crores) people have been saved and treated for tuberculosis or TB and Ayurveda played a critical role in curing them. 


What is tuberculosis or TB?

Tuberculosis or TB is a disease that occurs due to the infection caused by the bacterium known as mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis or TB is a contagious disease that spreads from one person to another through various mediums like breath or air. Tuberculosis or TB affects the functioning of the lungs badly. Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a bacterium that infects the body and leads the body to Tuberculosis or TB disease. As per the estimation of WHO more than 2 billion (200 crores) people are infected with mycobacterium tuberculosis globally, and 95% of them are not aware of it. Mycobacterium tuberculosis caused infection do not lead everybody to the tuberculosis disease, this infection does not affect the people who have a strong immune system. Tuberculosis commonly affects people who have a weak immune system like children and older people. A strong immune system fights with the bacteria of mycobacterium tuberculosis and doesn’t let it increase and multiply. 


What are the types of tuberculosis or TB?

Types of tuberculosis or TB are mentioned below:

  • Pulmonary Tuberculosis or TB
  • Pleural Tuberculosis or TB
  • Skeletal Tuberculosis or TB
  • Brain Tuberculosis or TB
  • Bladder or Kidney Tuberculosis or TB
  • Joint Tuberculosis or TB
  • Gastrointestinal Tract Tuberculosis or TB
  • Miliary Tuberculosis or TB


What are the symptoms of tuberculosis or TB?

These are a few symptoms of tuberculosis or TB mentioned below:

  • High cough generation
  • Cough with blood
  • Chest pain while coughing and breathing
  • Unwanted weight loss
  • Fatigue or weakness
  • Long fever
  • The body sweats at night
  • Wasting syndrome
  • Appetite loss
  • Breathlessness
  • Joint pain
  • Stomach pain


What causes tuberculosis or TB?

These are the major causes of tuberculosis or TB mentioned below:

  • HIV infection
  • AIDS disease
  • Transmission from another affected person
  • Close contact with a tuberculosis patient
  • Ignorance of initial infection
  • Weak immune system
  • Organ transplant 
  • Medication
  • Kidney disease
  • Using same toilet or room
  • Drinking juices in one glass
  • Increasing age
  • Children with weak immunity 


What are the complications of tuberculosis or TB?

Tuberculosis or TB influence many other diseases and creates many complications. Major complications of tuberculosis are mentioned below-

  • Back pain or spinal pain
  • Stiffness and pain in joints
  • Headaches
  • Liver problem
  • Kidney problem 
  • Heart disorder
  • Chest pain
  • Lung failure
  • Wasting syndrome
  • Frequent weight loss
  • Night sweating